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How to Remove Stains caused by Water Damage on Wood Furniture

How to Remove Stains caused by Water Damage on Wood Furniture

After reading many articles on Google with concerning advice, we thought we would show you how to remove Stains caused by Water Damage on Furniture in the correct manor without damaging the original patina on your wood. When water penetrates the finish, it goes under the surface so the idea is to work out the damp and revive the finish at the same time. Priory Polish Reviver does this and also colours the timber really well.

  • First, you need shake the bottle well and then apply the Polish Reviver onto 0000 Quality Wire Wool, making sure the wire wool is really well saturated. Apply in the direction of the grain; some pressure may be needed but not too much as you do not want to rub off the original finish. Buff off straight away with a clean buffing cloth and you will not only see the marks start to disappear but you will also see years of grime be removed at the same time.
Adding Reviver to water damaged area
Adding Reviver to water damaged area
  • Now you want to get a clean buffing cloth, soak an area in Polish Reviver and use firm pressure in circular motions across the wood but always finish in the direction of the grain. This will start to show a nice sheen appears. Buff off any excess, ready for the next stage.
  • Continue the above process over the entire surface until your desired finish is achieved and most of the damaged marks have been removed.
  • Now, using Dark Tones Finishing Wax, apply using Ultra Fine Wire Wool in the direction of the grain and leave for around 30 minutes. Buff off and repeat where necessary until you are happy with the results. Always apply in thin coats as this will be easier to buff off, the more coats you do the better the finish will be. For very stubborn marks, you may want to use a touch up pen to colour the marks before waxing over again.
Adding Wax to finish
Adding Dark tones Wax to Finish
Before and After of water damage
Before and After of water damage

This is what not to do (as seen on many Google articles) as it is terrible advice. It may work on some unfinished timbers but certainly not on fine furniture previously polished.
Do not rub mayonnaise into your wood, this will just cause a sticky mess and leave stains in your wood.
Do not use toothpaste on a wet cloth, as this will most likely bleach your wood and remove your finish.
Do not sand with a sanding belt. Do you want to destroy your timber make it open-grain and rough?
Do not spray down with a hose; this will just swell up your wood and destroy your furniture.
Do not iron your wood, this will most lightly burn your wood, melt your polish or lift any veneer.

How to Clean a Clock Mechanism using Clock Cleaning Concentrate Solution

How to Clean a Clock Mechanism using Clock Cleaning Concentrate Solution

Priory polishes offer two different Horological Clock Cleaning Concentrate Solutions, used for cleaning clock movements. It will remove most grease, oil, dirt and tarnish. It is also widely used by antique restorers for the cleaning of brass, copper and bronze etc.

We have the traditional Ammoniated Clock Cleaning Concentrate, this is the strongest solution but you must use this in a well ventilated area. We also offer our new Non Ammoniated Clock Cleaning Concentrate Solution, for a far less potent smell than the traditional ammoniated version. This is more subtle but still works extremely well.

Directions –

  1. Mix one measure of the Clock Cleaning Concentrate Solution with seven measures of cold water in a suitable container, like a polythene container with lid. For light soiling or Ultrasonic applications dilute one measure of the fluid to eight measures of water.
  2. Remove your clock mechanism (or other brass, copper items) from your clock and then submerge fully into the mixture. We usually leave it for a minimum of thirty minutes but recommend between one to three hours depending on how stubborn the dirt and tarnish is. We do not recommend leaving for more than twenty four hours.
  3. Once most of the tarnish is removed, Take a brush (a tooth brush is ideal) and give it a good scrub in all the mechanisms, especially on the rivet or oiling areas. Make sure you wear suitable gloves and a mask in a well ventilated area.
  4. Now this is complete rinse thoroughly with hot soapy water.
  5. Now make sure you dry fully, using a hair dryer is a good idea for speed.
  6. Once complete, we recommend using Priory Polishes Clock Oil on all your moving parts as this will keep your clock in smooth working order for years to come.
  7. Why not restore your clock case using our clock case restorer, it is a superb solution that offers excellent results.

Additional notes –

As with all chemicals always wear protective clothing. Avoid inhaling the vapour so a mask is required and a well ventilated area as vapours may cause drowsiness and dizziness. Avoid contact with eyes, face, hair and skin and always keep out of reach from children.

Silvering & Finishing Clock Dial

How to Restore and Re-Silver your Clock Dial

Priory Polishes have been supplying the Horological clock trade for many years with unique restoration products. If you have a Barometer or Clock Dial in need of restoration and re-silvering we have everything you need in one handy kit. Our Clock Dial Restoration Silvering Kit comes with 50g of Silvering Powder, 50g of Finishing Powder, 100ml of Silver Brass Lacquer and one Stick of Engravers Wax. We do also sell these products separately if you only need to stock up on certain pieces to do the job. Below we will show you how to get your clock face to beautiful condition again.


Directions –

  1. The first stage is to remove the distressed old finish and the damaged Silver. Clean the Silver Dial with a process of wet and dry sanding. Use wet and dry sanding paper 400 grit and submerge in water in-between sanding with the paper.
  2. Continue the above process, clean fully until all the original Silver and marks are removed.
  3. Use a foam sanding block or fine sanding paper (600 grit) to finish off in the direction of the grain of the metal and rinse. If a ‘spun’ effect is required, put a nail in a piece of old board and rotate the Dial around it while holding fine emery paper on the surface.
  4. Next you need to re-fill numerals in etched Dials with Black Engravers Wax. You can do this by heating a knife slightly (do not over heat) and melt a small blob of Wax on the tip to drip into the sections. You can also heat the Dial piece being filled slightly. If the old Wax is just cracked, hold the Dial over a heat source to warm the Wax just enough for the cracks to disappear. If the Wax is missing or insufficient, add a few flakes of it to the numerals and heat gently. If you need to cover a large area of engraving, melt over the entire piece and then when the Wax has cooled, use Steel Wool or wet and dry sanding paper to sand off the excess.
  5. Rub the surface back down again if necessary to be level with the Dial.
  6. Now you are ready to Silver your Dial. Apply the Silvering Powder onto very slightly dampened cotton wool and apply in a circular motion. Work this into the entire surface of the Dial, a small section at a time. The Silver Powder should be in a creamy consistency and you will need to keep the cotton wool damp the whole time you are applying it. As you apply you will start to see the Silver come through.
  7. Once you are happy with the colour of your Dial, you need to use the Finishing Powder, rub over again with damp cotton wool and in the direction of the grain of the Dial. Thoroughly rinse off and leave to dry.
  8. Finally you need to add a light coat of Silver / Brass Lacquer to preserve the finish and stop any oxidisation. The cellulose based Lacquer is fine to use on Clock Dials as long as the first coat is a very quick, light coat. It can then be applied heavier / thicker after the first coat has dried but usually we find one coat is enough. The Lacquer should only be applied thinly to engraved Dials as the Dial Wax will melt and run if too much Lacquer is used. To apply use a soft cotton cloth or a cotton wool pad; a quick swipe is the usual method then leave to dry before touching or attempting to add more Lacquer.

Some side notes –
Cleanliness is of paramount importance when Dial Silvering and almost all problems encountered are due to finger marks on the metal between cleaning and applying the powder. Silvering Powder acts by chemical reaction with the metal, and if this cannot take place evenly, an uneven colouring occurs.
This powder will not work on Plated or Lacquered Dials; it is only designed to clean Brass or Copper and not Aluminium.

Restore your Clock using Priory Polishes Clock Case Restorer

Restore your Clock using Priory Polishes Clock Case Restorer

Our Clock Case Restorer has been specially formulated by Priory Polishes for the cleaning of all wooden clocks; from Grandfather clocks, Mantel, Wall and Long case clocks. It will renovate and revive the original finish and bring the patina back to life, leaving a beautiful sheen without the need of re-French polishing. Priory Polishes Clock Case Restorer, is well known throughout the clock restoration trade and has been used with superb success, we believe there is nothing as good on the market and have been using this ourselves for many years. It will not only create a beautiful lustre and enhance the original finish but also removes years of dirt, grime and will reveal the original beauty of the wood with very little effort. Your clock will have a new lease of life, leaving you with a wonderful sheen and colour.
It is very simple and easy to use.

Directions-

  1. Firstly, shake the Clock Case Restorer very well before use, masking tape around any glass or areas you do not want to polish but this is optional as it does buff off very easily.
  2. Use our Wax Filling Sticks to fill any small chips, scratches, small areas of missing veneer and dents with a spatula provided in the pack.
  3. If your case is just dull and not too dirty, use our Priory Polishes Buffing Rag and apply the Clock Case Restorer onto the cloth so it has a nice damp section. Then apply to the surface, always working in the direction of the grain. Then buff off straight away with firm pressure and see the colour quickly appear along with a beautiful shine. For very dirty surfaces, apply with our ultra fine Priory 0000 Quality Wire Wool. Apply the Clock Case Restorer onto the wire wool, ensuring it is very damp and apply in the direction of the grain. Again buff off straight away with a clean buffing cloth.
  4. Continue the above process over the entire surface until your desired finish is achieved. You will be amazed how much dirt is removed and what a wonderful shine will appear.
  5. Once you have completed all the cleaning of your clock, we highly recommend finishing by using our Finishing Wax, applying with our Ultra Fine Wire Wool or a buffing cloth. Not only will this enhance your sheen and colour, it will provide a barrier to protect your clock and stop future dulling. The more frequently your clock is waxed, the better the overall finish it will have. Just remember, apply your Wax in very thin and even coats as putting on too much can result in smeary finishes.
  6. If you want to keep your mechanism moving smoothly, use Priory Polishes Clock Oil, but if the mechanism needs cleaning first have a look at our Ammoniated Clock Cleaning Concentrate Solution as this is a superb solution that will clean your clock movements used by the Horological trade.
Burnishing Cream

How to use Priory Polishes Burnishing Cream

Our Priory Polishes Burnishing Cream is designed to burnish all dull finished surfaces on modern and antique furniture. It is especially effective on newly French polished, lacquered, painted surfaces and varnishes to produce a beautiful sheen. It is also used as a reviver on old finishes but for this process we would recommend to use our Priory Polish Reviver as it is more gentle to the original finish and you will get a better sheen. Burnishing Cream is a light abrasive so it is important to make sure that there is an adequate thickness of polish in order to withstand burnishing of the top layer to give you the desired finish.
Priory Polishes Burnishing Cream is used to remove some white ring marks, heat marks and watermarks. Its main function is for the removal of haze and bloom on newly polished surfaces.

  1. For newly finished surfaces – Shake well before use. Apply sparingly with a soft dry cloth or very fine (0000) Wire Wool. Always work with the grain. Once applied use firm pressure with a clean cloth to buff out the sheen. Always work on a small area at a time. You can also use an electric buffing machine, with the appropriate buffing material but be careful not to do this too fast as the friction can soften the polish which will mark the surface.
  2. For older surfaces – use the same method above but for ring marks, water marks and heat marks etc, firm pressure is required and circular motions may be used, but always finish in the direction of the grain. This is not always successful but works on many pieces.
  3. Continue the above process over the entire surface until your desired finish is achieved.
  4. Once complete, we highly recommend to finish by waxing the entire surface using our Finishing Bees Wax. Apply using our Ultra Fine Wire Wool or Buffing Cloth in the direction of the grain and then buff off. This will stop blooming of your finish and will add a protective barrier to the surface.
Table top half done using Priory Polishes burnishing cream
Table top half done using Priory Polishes burnishing cream

Polish Reviver

How to Revive Polished Surfaces with Priory Polish Reviver

Our Priory Polishes Polish Reviver has been specially formulated to restore, clean and revive finished surfaces on all furniture and woods, without the need and expense of having your item French-Polished. It will enhance the original patina to create a beautiful lustre whilst removing years of dirt, grime, some white rings, heat marks, watermarks, haze and bloom. It has been used by furniture restorers and French polishers for many years and we believe there is nothing on the market that compares.

General wear and tear causes most items of Furniture to become dull, discoloured, smeared and dusty over time. This is where Polish Reviver can bring that shine back to its former glory. It will give a new lease of life to old tired French polished surfaces leaving you with a wonderful sheen and colour without the need of re-polishing.

The process of reviving furniture requires care and sensitivity, but with our Polish Reviver, blemishes can be erased and the original colour and sheen will be revealed.

Directions for use –
1. Firstly remove all the Brass-wear, handles etc. where possible as this will give you the best results and make life easier when polishing. Masking tape around any glass or areas you do not want to polish but this is optional.

2. Wax-fill any small chips, scratches and dents using our Repair Kit. It is best to do this process before any finishing as it becomes very difficult to wax fill on top of a polished / cleaned surface.

3. For most surfaces, use our good High Quality Buffing Rag and apply the Polish Reviver onto the cloth so it has a nice damp section (don’t forget to shake the bottle well before use). Then apply to the surface, always working with the grain. Then buff off straight away with firm pressure. For very dirty pieces, apply with our Ultra Fine 0000 Quality Wire Wool. This has been specifically made for use on fine furniture finishes. Apply the Polish Reviver onto the Wire Wool, ensuring it is very damp and apply in the direction of the grain. Again buff off straight away with a clean buffing cloth.

4. With ring marks, water marks and heat marks etc. firm pressure is required and circular motions may be used, but always finish in the direction of the grain. This is not always 100% successful but does work effectively on most pieces.

5. Continue the above process over the entire surface until your desired finish is achieved. You will be amazed how much dirt is removed!

6. Now this is complete, we highly recommend to finish by waxing the entire surface using our Finishing Wax, using ultra fine wire wool or a buffing cloth. This will further enhance your sheen and colour. It will provide a barrier to protect your surface and stop future dulling. The more frequently a piece is waxed, the better the finish will be. Only apply Wax in thin layers as over-waxing can result in smeary surfaces.

How to use Priory Polishes Liquid Wax

How to use Priory Polishes Liquid Wax

Our Priory Polishes Liquid Wax is very easy to use and has been developed from a traditional recipe using the highest quality blend of Waxes to nourish your wood. It helps to cover small scratches and enhances the natural beauty of the timber. Priory Liquid Wax, is ideal for the hard to reach areas, like carvings and mouldings that are very dusty and white. It is also perfect for the interiors and backs of furniture (where clothing is not stored) to prevent the timber from drying out and will leave you with a wonderful fresh scent, to replace any musty smells often in old furniture. Our Liquid Wax is mainly used on antiques, antique furniture and antique clocks but also can be used on a variety of modern furniture around the home.
Directions for use –

  • Firstly we would check over the whole piece for any scratches, small dents, chips or cracks and use our Wax Filler Repair Kit to fill them in the appropriate colour (different colours available).
wax stick filler
Use the Wax Filler Repair Kit to fill any holes and marks etc.
  • For best results, we highly recommend cleaning the surface first using Priory Polish Reviver as this will remove the years of dirt, grime, grease and will prepare the surface ready for the application of Liquid Wax. This will allow the Wax to penetrate the timber better and therefore give you a better finish.
  • Shake the Liquid Wax bottle really well before use as the Wax settles to the bottom. It is usually best to pour this into a wide jar that will fit your brush.
Pour the Liquid Wax into a suitable container.
  • Once the piece is cleaned with Polish Reviver, apply the liquid wax using Priory Polishes Fine Cotton Buffing Cloths in circular motions and then wipe over in the direction of the grain. Use a brush to get into carved or awkward areas and then wipe off as much excess as possible, preferably in the direction of the grain.
Applying the Liquid Wax
Applying the Liquid Wax
  • Allow the Liquid Wax to dry for 30 minutes and buff using a clean cloth.
  • Several applications may be needed for the desired finish as it is not a thick as the normal Finishing Wax but it is far easier to buff off and apply.
Liquid Wax Finished Furniture
Liquid Wax Finished Furniture
Using Our Priory Polishes Cotton Wax Buffing Cloths

Using Our Priory Polishes Cotton Wax Buffing Cloths

Priory Polishes Cotton Buffing Cloths are ideal for the applying and the buffing of our restoration polishes and wax finishes. They are used for the Cleaning and Polishing of Wooden Furniture and antique clocks.
Our super soft 100% cotton buffers have been specially woven making a fine and soft material, this is ideal as it does not cause any scratches to the surface and is the perfect texture to create an even finish without causing too much friction.
We have been using these fine buffing cloths for many years and find this type of material gives you the best finishes especially with the use of our revivers and wax polishes.
Our cloths are widely used by Antique Furniture Restorers across the country.
The pack includes 3 large 30cm X 30 cm buffing cloths,
If cleaning a full piece of furniture –
We recommend one for buffing off the polish revive
One for applying the wax (optional if not applying with wire wool)
And one for buffing the wax finish.

How to use Priory Polishes High Grade Ultra Fine 0000 Steel Wire Wool

How to use Priory Polishes High Grade Ultra Fine 0000 Steel Wire Wool

Priory Polishes High Grade Ultra Fine 0000 Steel Wire Wool is a strong, thick, wide but very fine grade of wire wool ideal for applying our products including our waxes and polish reviver. As far as we are concerned, this is by far the best quality on the market.

Our 0000 grade wire wool applies our products evenly and easily to polished surfaces of wood. Applying polish reviver with our wire wool will remove any surface dirt, grime and dust without damaging the finish plus will make cleaning much easier and faster. It helps to get into awkward turnings, carvings and mouldings.  Again applying our finishing wax with gentle pressure will give you a stunning finish.

When using our wire wool always work in the direction of the grain, with our products (wax, polish revive etc) applied directly onto the texture of the wire wool ensuring it is well absorbed.  Wire wool is an extremely fine abrasive so if not carefully used and is too dry, will leave very fine scratches. Apply evenly with an open flat hand with mild pressure.

Our ultra fine wire wool is used not only on fine finishes but also ideal for cleaning metals such as brass, bronze, copper, steel etc.

Its also a good product to use to clean glass.

It is not suitable for the removal of paints, varnishes and French polish surfaces or finishes, as this is ultra fine.

Important:

Wire wool can cause metal splinters, so gloves are recommended. Never tear with your hands, always use scissors to avoid cuts. It is a flammable material so avoid naked flame. Keep out of reach of children.

Steel Wire Wool vs leading competitors
See our Steel Wire Wool vs leading competitors

Bees Wax Finishes

How to Apply and Wax Wooden Furniture

Beeswax polishing is the oldest form of finishing and it is very simple to do. It can be used on any wooden furniture and is especially effective on antique furniture. Our Priory Polishes Finishing Wax Polish has been developed from a traditional recipe using the highest quality blended rich beeswax. It has been specially formulated for all types of wood especially exotic antique furniture and clocks. Our wax helps to feed, nourish and protect your finish and will enhance the sheen of your surface. It is most suitable for previously finished or sealed woods.

We offer this in two different colours, Light Tones for your lighter golden clear timbers like Oak, Ash, Satinwood or a Medium to Dark Tones, ideal for Mahogany, Rosewood and Walnut. 

Directions for use –

  1. Firstly we would check the whole piece for any scratches, small dents or cracks and use our Wax filler repair kit to fill them.
  • For best results, we highly recommend cleaning the surface first using Priory Polish Reviver as this will remove any dirt, grease etc. This will give you the best overall sheen and colour.
  • Once you have polish revived your entire piece, use our soft buffing cloth or our ultra fine 0000 wire wool to apply our finishing wax. Use a brush to apply into difficult to reach or carved areas. Always apply small amounts evenly in the direction of the wood grain where possible. Applying too thick can result in smeary surfaces and difficult to buff off.
  • Lightly remove any excess wax and then leave to dry for around 10 minutes.
  • Once dry, use our soft buffing cloth to buff off the excess wax until the desired sheen has been reached. 
  • Several applications can be applied to deepen the colour and enhance beautiful patina that has formed over time. Our wax will provide a barrier to protect the finish and will keep your antiques and furniture in beautiful condition.